Thursday, 10 September 2015

How to install SpaceWalk on RHEL7 - Redhat Linux 7

Spacewalk is an open source Linux systems management solution. Spacewalk is the upstream community project from which the Red Hat Satellite product is derived.

Spacewalk provides the web interface to manage and view the updates for the system that are registered with Spacewalk, we can initiate the task such as install, update, inventory, and so on. Here is the small tutorial about installing Spacewalk on RHEL7

Software Content Management

Spacewalk manages software content updates for Red Hat derived distributions such as Fedora, CentOS, and Scientific Linux, within your firewall. You can stage software content through different environments, managing the deployment of updates to systems and allowing you to view at which update level any given system is at across your deployment. A central web interface allows viewing of systems, their associated software update status, and initiating update actions.

Additional Management Capabilities

Spacewalk also provides provisioning capabilities, allowing you to manage your systems throughout their lifecycle. Via Provisioning, Spacewalk enables you to kickstart provision systems and manage and deploy configuration files. Spacewalk also has virtualization capabilities to enable you to provision, control, manage, and monitor virtual KVM and Xen guests.


  • Inventory of the systems
  • Install and Update system packages.
  • Configuring Kick-start installation.
  • Deploy and Manage the configuration files from singe location
  • Start / Stop / Configure the guests.
  • Distribute the content across the multiple Geo graphical location using spacewalk proxy.


  • Outbound open ports 80, 443
  • Inbound open ports 80, 443, 5222 (only if you want to push actions to client machines) and 5269 (only for push actions to a Spacewalk Proxy), 69 udp if you want to use tftp
  • Storage for database: 250 KiB per client system + 500 KiB per channel + 230 KiB per package in channel (i.e. 1.1GiB for channel with 5000 packages)
  • Storage for packages (default /var/satellite): Depends on what you’re storing; Red Hat recommend 6GB per channel for their channels
  • 2GB RAM minimum, 4GB recommended
  • Underlying (SpaceWalk Server) OS is fully up-to-date.

Setup Repositories:

Before installing Spacewalk on CentOS, we must configure required repositories for Spacewalk setup.

Lets first setup Spacewalk repository, at the time of writing, latest available Spacewalk version was 2.3.

~]#rpm -Uvh

 Setup Jpackage Repo:

~]#vi /etc/yum.repos.d/jpackage-generic.repo

 Add the following.

name=JPackage generic

~]# rpm -Uvh

 Your Spacewalk server should have a resolvable fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) such as “”, to do that; edit /etc/hosts file.

~]# vi /etc/hosts

Modify it according to your environment.   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
# Your Spacewalk Server server.arkit.local server

Configure Firewall:

As said in the prerequisites, we need to have outbound port opened. Run the following on terminal to allow the required ports.

firewall-cmd --add-service=http ; firewall-cmd --add-service=https

Add port 5222 if you want to push actions to client machines and 5269 for push actions to a Spacewalk Proxy, 69 udp if you want to use tftp.

Restart firewall service using command:

firewall-cmd --reload

SpaceWalk Database:

SpaceWalk supports PostgreSQL (version 8.4 or higher) or Oracle ( version 10g or higher) as a database for storing its data.

Embedded Database:

Spacewalk has the embedded setup for PostgrSQL database which will do the automatic Spacewalk installation without having user intervention to enter the database information. Embedded database method is very easy to setup and run the Spacewalk in no time; this is very useful for those who do not have any database knowledge.

yum install spacewalk-setup-postgresql

External Database:

You can use the external PostgreSQL or Oracle database to install Spacewalk, you can find the tons of documents online to setup database.

Installing SpaceWalk:

If you are planning use PostgreSQL database (Either Embedded or External PostgreSQL database).
yum install spacewalk-postgresql

If you are planning to use Oracle database.
yum install spacewalk-oracle

Configuring SpaceWalk:

If you have installed embedded database, then use below command. It will ask you to enter the admin mail and organization details to generate the self signed certificate for secured access.
spacewalk-setup --disconnected

if you have setup database manually, then use below commands depend on database type. It will ask you to enter external database details.

spacewalk-setup --disconnected --external-oracle

spacewalk-setup --disconnected --external-postgresql

Since i am using embedded postgresql database, an example session is as follows;

# spacewalk-setup --disconnected

* Setting up SELinux..
** Database: Setting up database connection for PostgreSQL backend.
** Database: Installing the database:
** Database: This is a long process that is logged in:
** Database:   /var/log/rhn/install_db.log
*** Progress: ###
** Database: Installation complete.
** Database: Populating database.
*** Progress: ############################
* Configuring tomcat.
* Setting up users and groups.
** GPG: Initializing GPG and importing key.
** GPG: Creating /root/.gnupg directory
You must enter an email address.
Admin Email Address? ## Email Address ##
* Performing initial configuration.
* Activating Spacewalk.
** Loading Spacewalk Certificate.
** Verifying certificate locally.
** Activating Spacewalk.
* Configuring apache SSL virtual host.
Should setup configure apache's default ssl server for you (saves original ssl.conf) [Y]? ## Press Y ## 
** /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf has been backed up to ssl.conf-swsave
* Configuring jabberd.
* Creating SSL certificates.
CA certificate password? ## Enter Certificate Password ##
Re-enter CA certificate password? ## Re Enter Certificate Password ##
Organization? ARKIT ## Your Organization Name ##
Organization Unit [server.itzgeek.local]? Linux ## Your Organization Unit ##
Email Address []? ## Email Address ##
City? Albany ## Your City ##
State? NY ## Your State ##
Country code (Examples: "US", "JP", "IN", or type "?" to see a list)? US ## Your Country ##
** SSL: Generating CA certificate.
** SSL: Deploying CA certificate.
** SSL: Generating server certificate.
** SSL: Storing SSL certificates.
* Deploying configuration files.
* Update configuration in database.
* Setting up Cobbler..
Cobbler requires tftp and xinetd services be turned on for PXE provisioning functionality. Enable these services [Y]? ## Press Y ##
* Restarting services.
Installation complete.
Visit https://server.arkit.local to create the Spacewalk administrator account                                                                                        .

On complete, start the Spacewalk service if not started automatically.

/usr/sbin/spacewalk-service start
Open up your browser and navigate it to https://ip-add-ress or https://your-domain-name.

You will be asked to create administrator account for spacewalk, fill up details and click on Create Login
 Once administrator account is created, it will take you to home page of spacewalk where you can do all administration activities.

That’s All!!!, you have sucessfully installed Spacewalk on RHEL7

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